The following list of FAQs provides answers to frequently asked questions and definitions of key terminology related to the Land Development Code update. We will add new terms and answers to this page as they arise through the Orange Code process. Also see the Code Basics page to learn more about how coding works.
Why do we need a new code?
The current land development code is complex and lacks a vision for how the county will grow. Combined with public input, the Orange Code will provide a simpler framework for the future development and redevelopment of Orange County.
How will the Orange Code affect me?
The Code sets the rules that determine where and how new buildings and communities can grow or redevelop throughout Orange County. With your input, this new code will help guide community builders in creating the type of places where you want to live and work.
Areas built with the expectation that most residents and visitors will travel between destinations using a car. Supportive elements include abundant parking, high speed limits, and signage that is visible from a great distance.
Some codes require that buildings be located close to the sidewalk. This is intended to provide a more pedestrian-oriented environment by reducing the distance people have to walk between destinations.
An area consisting of centers and neighborhoods or a group of people with a common interest.
See auto-oriented development.
The development of a vacant parcel that is surrounded by existing development or in a central location.
The development of land that was previously agricultural or undeveloped.
The type of activity that occurs in a building or on a piece of land such as office, retail, housing, industrial, or agriculture. Land use categories can be very specific such as Hardware Stores or “Washing and packaging of fruit and vegetables."
Development that contains more than one Land Use such as offices and stores or stores and apartments. Mixed-use development can be “vertical” meaning in a single building or “horizontal” meaning in separate buildings located close together typically in a pedestrian-oriented environment.
Neighborhoods or centers developed with the intention of making residents and visitors feel safe and comfortable walking between destinations. Supportive elements include lower traffic speeds, buildings located close to the sidewalk, and shade provided by trees or awnings.
A typical Pedestrian Shed is 1/4 mile radius, about the distance of a five minute walk at a leisurely pace. Provided with a pedestrian-oriented design, many people will walk this distance to reach a variety of destination.
When a new building is constructed on land that is already developed usually replacing an older building or parking lot.
Most codes define a minimum distance between a building and the sidewalk. The resulting space in front of the building is called a setback. Sometimes open porches, balconies and bay windows are allowed within the setback.
Florida statutes provide an extensive definition of urban sprawl which includes the development of substantial areas developed as low-intensity, low-density, or single-use development or uses. Florida jurisdictions are required to discourage urban sprawl.
Traditional Neighborhood Development (TND)
A type of development that reconciles current urbanization models with traditional neighborhoods. TNDs are typically highly connected and organized around centrally located shops and institutions.
Transect Zones (T-Zones)
The range of environments represented by the Urban to Rural Transect is sometimes expressed as measure from T1 to T6 with T1 representing nature and T6 representing a downtown. Each zone varies by the level and intensity of its physical and social character.
Transit Oriented Development (TOD)
Mixed-use areas limited in size by walking distance to the transit stop.
Urban to Rural Transect
A system that identifies the varieties of human and natural habitats by intensity and mix, both for analysis and to plan future urbanism through codes. It replaces the current system of Euclidean or single use zoning.
A place where it is safe and comfortable to walk between meaningful destinations within a reasonable distance. See also Pedestrian-oriented development.
FBC (Form Based Code)
A code that specifies the form of the buildings graphically. Form-based codes generally prescribe building types, frontages, and other characteristics while loosening restrictions on use.
MPC (Master Planned Community)
An umbrella term for large-scale coordinated development with a range of land uses.
PD (Planned Development)
A zoning category intended to allow innovation in development by the suspension of standard prescriptions to be replaced by negotiation.